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INTRODUCTION

L’année académique 2018-2019 à l’UEMI a démarré officiellement ses activités le 15/10/2018 et a été clôturée le 30/07/2019 comme prévu sur le calendrier académique dans les 4 Facultés ci-après : Faculté de Théologie, Faculté des Sciences médicales, Faculté de Sciences de l'Éducation et la Faculté des Sciences agronomiques et de Développement Communautaire et Environnement. 

En plus des aspects académiques, ce rapport couvre aussi d’autres activités para académiques notamment : le Centre de Recherche et de Développement Communautaire, le Complexe Scolaire d’Application (CODAP-UEMI) cycle primaire et secondaire, l’encadrement des coopératives agricoles et de protection de l’environnement ainsi que des formations spécialisées. 

Cette année académique s’est terminée dans un contexte très difficile des conflits armés qui ont d’une manière générale affectée les activités de l’institution mais, cela n’a pas empêché la clôture normale des activités académiques. L’UEMI a une population de 400 personnes, en plus, il y a au moins 300 personnes qui fréquentent l’UEMI pour des services connexes.

ENTRE DE RECHERCHE ET DE DÉVELOPPEMENT COMMUNAUTAIRE

Voici en quelques mots les activités réalisées par le Centre de Recherche et de Développement Communautaire :

  • Clubs de paix : L’UEMI en collaboration avec Young Peacebuilders, 4 clubs de paix ont été initiés aux 2 écoles primaires et 2 secondaires respectivement CODAP-UEMI et Institut Ilundu.  Des réunions et des visites dans des villages ont été organisées. 
  • Clinique universitaire: Des équipements médicaux sont déjà sur place. Il reste l’installation d’électricité et l’eau potable dans la clinique pour son fonctionnement effectif.
  • Projet de construction eau potable : UEMI a réalisé un projet d’eau potable avec la construction des 2 réservoirs d’eau potable à Kiziba et sa distribution dans le village, campus et au marché. Captage d’eau plus de 32 000 litres, le projet a été soutenu par Cornerstone et la contribution locale pour servir plus de 10 000 personnes.
  • Agriculture :  l’UEMI a initié plusieurs projets agricols dont une plantation de bananeraie, une plantation légumes (choux, morelles, carottes, amarantes, oignons, concombres, etc.), une plantation Caféier ( plus de 4000 plants de caféier), des fruitiers (deux plants de pommes et deux plants de raisins sont plantés pour expérimentation).  Ces activités sont soutenues LaOlam, Micah Foundation et contribution locale soutiennent ses activités.
  • Environnement: Reboisement (entretien) (Ilundu 3000 arbres ; Lunundu 5000 arbres; Mishasho 4000 arbres, Kiziba 8 000 arbres et Kakenge 6000 arbres.Les espèces plantées ; eucalyptus, Grevillea, Umugeti (espèce locale) ). L’UEMI a introduit les plants de Neem tree et seront plantés en nov-décembre 2019 et janvier 2020.
  • Sensibilisation et formation sur la protection de l'environnement : Les étudiants font les descentes sur terrain (églises, poste d'Encadrement Administratif de Minembwe, écoles, villages) afin de leur montrer l'importance de l'environnement et sa protection. Les étudiants et les membres des coopératives, plantent les arbres antiérosifs dans les différents endroits du milieu.Lutte contre l'érosion
  • Élevage : Apiculture (30 ruches dont 27 ruches sont essaimées et 3 autres non encore essaimées),  Aujourd’hui, il y a plus 250 ruches. Ce projet a connu de difficultés avec les actes de destruction de villages et des champs. Plusieurs ruches ont été abîmées. Caprin : (12 chèvres) Issu de production des bananes, projet expérimental des étudiants. Malheureusement, pendant le conflit de juin-juillet 2019, plus de 10 chèvres ont été pillées par les hommes à main armés.

En plus des ces activités l’UEMI a organisé des formations dans plusieurs domaine ( Théologie du Travail ; Gestion et coopératives financières ; Bonne pratiques agricoles et environnementales ; Paix et cohabitation pacifique) et elle a encadré des associations ayant plus de 500 membres, dans différentes activités. Ces associations ont comme activités l’agriculture, la protection de l’environnement, élevage, savonnerie, micro-crédits, sensibilisations sur VIH/SIDA et éducation de filles, réconciliation. Micah 6:8 Foundation ont soutenu ses activités.

RECHERCHES ACADÉMIQUES ET SCIENTIFIQUE RÉALISÉ PAR LES PERSONNEL DE L’UEMI 

  • Rev. Mushishi I. Dieudonné, candidat PhD à North West University, Afrique du Sud : Recherche doctorale en Théologie (en cours) ;
  • Dr Kaniki Freddy, University of Colorado, Denver : Recherche doctorale en Santé Publique (terminé). Félicitation pour son 2eme PhD. Sujet : Application of Health Behavior Model to Motivations and Constraints towards use of Contraception in Minembwe, Democratic Republic of The Congo.
  • Dr Rukundwa et Dr Kaniki : Article: Knowledge, Awareness, and Perception of Minembwe Reproductive Age Women on the Use of Modern Contraceptive Methods (dans RSIS, Mai 2019) et Article conjoint : Modern Birth Control Methods, a Discourse of a Sub-Saharan African Rural Community : The Case of Minembwe, DRC, (IJSRM, Juin 2019

APPUI AUX DÉPLACÉS DE GUERRE 

  • Mars : distribution des houes et semence de haricot aux 350 familles déplacé de Bijombo ;
  • Mars-Juin : distribution des plats de légume pour les mêmes 350 familles déplacées et aux 500 familles d’accueil ;
  • Juillet : distribution de semence de pomme de terre aux 50 familles déplacées (Ruhemba et Kaling).

DÉFIS AUXQUELS L’UEMI FAIT FACE

Le Défi d’ordre sécuritaire lié aux conflits armés dans les hauts plateaux de Fizi, d’Uvira et Itombwe. Ces conflits ont occasionné mort d’hommes, d’un déplacement massif des populations locales vers Uvira, Minembwe et ailleurs dans des pays voisins, des villages et greniers des vivres brûlés, des champs ravagés, etc.  Au mois d’avril 2019, nous avions été obligés d’évacuer certain personnel de l’UEMI et partenaires pour quelques jours à cause d’intensification des affrontements prêts de centre de Minembwe. 

  • L’Enclavement du Milieu: Minembwe est enclavé géographiquement par manque des voies de communication. La voie routière a été abîmée par les pluies pendant la saison pluvieuse, d’où les véhicules n’atteignent plus Minembwe. Actuellement une compagnie aérienne relie Minembwe à Goma. La MONUSCO aide aussi pour le transport de staff de l’UEMI et ses partenaires. 
  • L’Exode Rural occasionné par l’insécurité fait que bon nombre de populations aille dans des centres urbains, dans des camps des réfugiés des pays voisins même et au-delà. Ceci a fait les effectifs diminuent à l’UEMI et dans d’autres écoles ; Insolvabilité des parents des élèves et étudiants faute de marché des vaches qui constituent le poumon de l’économie des habitants des Hauts Plateaux ; Carence de denrées alimentaires qui fut à l’origine de la flambée de prix des vivres à Minembwe ; les équipements informatiques (machines) de l’UEMI abîmées par la foudre.  

PERSPECTIVES D’AVENIR 

  • L’UEMI voudrait dans le cadre de ses recherches renforcer les valeurs culturelles et connaissances traditionnelles congolaises dignes d’être préservées dans le secteur médical et de la pharmacopée traditionnelle africaine et la construction de musée villageois (Village Museum).
  • L’UEMI continuera de faires des projets de développement et protection de l’environnement afin le de faire avancer le milieu.  
  • Clinique Universitaire avec un Laboratoire Médical Moderne est en cours d’installation dans notre Clinique pour desservir la population de Minembwe et d’ailleurs.  
  • Création d’une Aumônerie Universitaire pour encadrer spirituellement nos étudiants et personnel universitaire. 
  • La formation sur la Théologie du Travail va continuer dans les églises de différents pays, et à l’UEMI.
  • Poursuivre le projet de microfinances et transformation de produit agricole

PARTENAIRES ACADÉMIQUES 

  • Cornell University;
  • Hebrew University;
  • Truman Institute of Peace;
  • International Leadership University;
  •  North West University;
  • Centre Technique Agricole (CTA);
  • Feed the Minds, Pennsylvania State University; 
  • Cultiva Education Solutions
  • Département d’Etat (USA) Cornerstone Trust ;
  • Bakke Graduate University, Micah 6:8 Foundation ;
  • David Weekley Family Foundation, ENGEN RDC ;
  • LaOlam Ministry ;
  • Support Africa Allemagne ; 
  • Amis de l’Université Eben- Ezer de Minembwe ;
  • Cornell University ;
  • Hebrew University; 
  • MASHAV ;
  • MONUSCO ; 
  • Songa Energy ; 
  • Young Peacebuilders ;
  • Scholas Encounter ;
  • Penn State University ;Eglises ;
  • ONG locales

RAPPORT EN PHOTO 

Séminaire sur la Théologie du Travail en Géorgie et Conférence sur le partenariat des universités en Egypte

Séminaire sur la Théologie du Travail en Géorgie et Conférence sur le partenariat des universités en Egypte

Etude et pratique en agronomie et pépinière pour les déplacés de guerre de Bijombo a Minembwe

Etude et pratique en agronomie et pépinière pour les déplacés de guerre de Bijombo a Minembwe

Les déplacés cherchent l’abri a l’UEMI, une famille fait la cuisine dans le débris de sa maison détruite par la guerre

Les déplacés cherchent l’abri a l’UEMI, une famille fait la cuisine dans le débris de sa maison détruite par la guerre

Distribution de l’eau potable, le maire de Minembwe l’inaugure officiellement juin 2019  Distribution de l’eau potable, le maire de Minembwe l’inaugure officiellement juin 2019  Distribution de l’eau potable, le maire de Minembwe l’inaugure officiellement juin 2019  Les étudiants de l’UEMI Elèves de CODAP-UEMI

Les étudiants de l’UEMI au moment de la graduation Honorable Moïse Nyarugabo a accueilli la délégation de l'UEMI conduite par son Recteur Dr. Lazare R. SebiterekoCampagne pour l'environnement effectué par la Monusco et l'UEMI

Introduction

God has been really our Eben-Ezer: Thus far God has protected Minembwe.  Fighting had never stopped around Minembwe, Itombwe and Bijombo locations. The last attacks were done on villages of Muliza and Kakangara in the east of Minembwe Center and Kahwela and Rubanda villages in west of Minembwe between 10th and 17th January 2020 with causalities including death, cows looting, and villages burned. Government intervention is still very limited and passive as all these attacks happen in eyes of government soldiers! Itombwe location has been destroyed at 90% while Kamombo location is entirely empty of its population. Bijombo location is affected and destroyed at about 60%. Minembwe Rural Commune is still standing but with so many wounds with so many villages in its environs destroyed as well. Over 200 people have died and many more wounded; over 90,000 cows have been looted, thousands more died due to lack of enough grazing space. The center hosts more than 45,000 of displaced people with no adequate assistance. Due to lack of humanitarian assistance, people continue to leave Minembwe to seek refuge in other urban areas and neighboring countries in midst of political speeches of hatred and xenophobia against Banyamulenge that are mounting particularly in social media.

How are people surviving

Host families in Minembwe have shown demonstrated extraordinary support to displaced families not only by providing shelter but also by sharing all their households, including food, clothes, plates, etc. Each household in Minembwe hosts between 2 to 4 displaced families. The challenge here is that family provisions are also at the point of finishing because they are shared among many. Secondly, access to fields outside Minembwe is extremely limited due to insecurity. In some instances, farmers are escorted to go and look food which were still not destroyed by armed groups or by rains and lack of maintenance particularly those that were still in fields while the people fled.

Minembwe sons and daughters in Diaspora, friends and partners of local organizations have been sending occasionally support including food, clothing, medicines/doctors and funds. Although these are not enough compared to huge needs of people (this time not only for the displaced but also the host families), but it is a profound sign of solidarity, compassion and care. In this way, Minembwe still hopes not only to survive but to live again! There are a number of national and international ONGs but whose intervention is very limited. Needs are huge! The main access to Minembwe remains by air. MONUSCO has 2 regular flights per week and Buzy Bee Company has one flight a week. The option of the road is difficult and insecure, the vehicles stop at about 40km and people walk the rest of journey. The government and humanitarian organizations have been requested many times to fix the road which might be a lasting solution to transportation of people and goods, this request is still not met yet.

About 20 schools (primary and secondary) are operating and host over 4500 children. Some schools also hosting some displaced schools. Some children study in morning and others in afternoon. Eben-Ezer University of Minembwe (UEMI) is functioning with over 200 students and over 350 pupils of our primary and secondary schools (CODAP UEMI). However, none of these pupils and students pay school/university fees. Teachers and school administrations pose another serious challenge for the success of school year. Teachers have families to attended to as well. They depended on salaries, but today there is no fees paid. Other partners have paid for orphans’ school fees, which helped. Also, we used some of unrestricted funds from donors to pay half of salaries of teachers for them to take care of their families and also for the schools continue to function.

Through the support of friends and organizations, UEMI and LaOlam have continually been at the service of local communities through different programs. Besides education to youth, availability of internet connection has been a big relieve to such isolated locality and engulfed by conflict. The conference hall hosts every week more than 1500 people who come for church services Saturdays and Sundays to displaced churches and also a reconciliation meeting point for different groups of people.  Due to some support from World Relief, we hope to fix the university clinic laboratory, which will give more health services. With support of organization partners such as Micha 6:8 Foundation, DW Foundation, World Relief, Cornell University, Engen DRCongo, Forgotten Songs and LaOlam, Eben-Ezer University and its services have been able to survive and to support hundreds of families in need. This week, we were to distribute beans to 250 families, 500 families came. What was meant for 250 is divided and shared among all the needy! We plan to distribute more food including maize to 250 families end of this week.

Today nurseries for vegetables are installed in 5 villages around Minembwe center and its environs which will benefit more than 400 families ready to plant in February 2020. These are replacing vegetable plantation that were prepared end of September 2019 when fighting raged in villages affecting many of our agricultural projects. Moreover, over 30 tons of beans and some maize were bought and are progressively being distributed to needy people. MONUSCO has been very supportive in areas of transportation of our staff and partners. Without it, we could not have been able to function in Minembwe. Eben-Ezer is one of the few institutions that never closed its doors even during difficult moments. Only one time, its refugee students and volunteer family with young children had to leave and MONUSCO was very helpful in transport facilitation.

UEMI and LaOlam have hosted many of its partners including volunteers who come for short between 1 to 3 months stay and serve freely at university. Among them, we also hosted Samaritan Purse team who had come to evaluate the humanitarian crisis in Minembwe and hopefully, they will also join other partners to contribute in alleviating the burden of the people. UEMI has maintained good collaboration with local government and other partners in fulfilling our mission of education, peace and local development.

Efforts of Reconciliation

It has been difficult during times of deep and open crisis to establish solid contacts for people in conflicts (from all sides) to talk about cessation of hostilities. Since December 2019, initial meetings facilitated by MONUSCO, Provincial Government and civil society in Bukavu have opened up a leeway for people including representatives of armed groups to meet. At some level, discussions are continuing timidly. On 24 January 2020, a Banyamulenge woman taken hostage by mai-mai groups was released the following day (25th). This follows other hostages released in December 2019 taken during the fighting Bijombo location. On the other hand, displaced people from Bafuliru tribe are making their ways back to Minembwe and being welcome by their Banyamulenge neighbors. However, attacks on civilian villages particularly Banyamulenge villages have resumed recently (Muliza and Kakangara in Minembwe mid-January and Kahuna, Mugete, Kajembwe, Kagogo in Bijombo location on 21-22 January 2020).

Call to help

On behalf of Eben-Ezer University of Minembwe and its services would like to thank you all for your support, prayers, contributions and for any other initiative taken to help stop the bleeding of Minembwe and alleviate humanitarian crisis caused by armed conflict. Once again THANK YOU and I wish you a happy New Year 2020.

  • Eben-Ezer University and partners continue to make an appeal to whoever is able to support the end of this crisis is highly appreciated.
  • Humanitarian assistance is much needed to support thousands of people in need (cloths, food, shelter and medical attention.
  • Join us and pray for peace of Minembwe

 

Contacts: Dr Lazare Sebitereko Rukundwa

                 Emai: Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.

                 Tel + 243 812 400 999 (whatsapp) / +257 75 876 705     

                  www.uemi.org

Introduction

The conflict led by various armed groups in the region of Minembwe got intensified in recent months (September-October 2019) making more causalities and thousands of displaced people. Affected villages are in Itombwe (Mwenga Territory), Kamombo (Fizi Territory) and Lulenge villages (Fizi Territory). Minembwe center and its nearby villages are heavily burdened by humanitarian responsibilities.

Recent history of conflict dates from July 2017, with targeted assassinations and selective attacks by armed groups against civilians and retaliations. In escalation of conflict, the Banyamulenge villages in the Bijombo location in Uvira Territory became targets of a coalition of armed groups from different tribes (Bafuliru, Babembe and Banyindu) foreign armed groups from Burundi (FNL, Red TABARA, FOREBU). In retaliation, the armed group from Banyamulenge tribe also attacked villages of other tribes. In these circumstances, victims are innocent civilians. This situation degenerated a tension which destroyed many villages in Bijombo and ignited neighboring villages of Kamombo. The same wave of village destruction spread to Itombwe and finally to Minembwe. It is evidenced that these conflicts are manipulation of politicians highly placed in the government, who use their political influence to resist against the existence of the Rural Municipality of Minembwe and against Banyamulenge tribe. Speeches inciting hatred and discrimination are propagated by local and national politicians as well as Congolese extremists in diaspora intensified between from 2019. Government officials and DRC army are criticized for their slow action and passivity in intervention. Civil society at large has not gone beyond mere declarations condemning the atrocities committed against civilians. More actions are needed to stop this conflict.

Consequences from October 2018 – October 2019

  • More than 100 people (civilians) are killed and many hundreds wounded
  • Number of villages and public infrastructure destroyed:
  • In Bijombo location, Uvira Territory: More than 2534 houses in 87 villages were burned;
  • Kamombo location, Fizi Territory: More 1957 houses distributed in 82 villages, were completely burned;
  • In Itombwe location, Mwenga Territory: More than 2421 houses divided into 42 villages were completely burned down;
  • In Lulenge location and Minembwe neighborhoods, Territory of Fizi: More 513 houses, distributed in 43 villages were completely burned,
  • Bibogobogo / Rutabura, Fizi Territory: More than 270 houses divided into 5 villages are burned.
  • More than 150,000 people have been displaced, without adequate humanitarian assistance, some being confined to host families in Minembwe center, others are refugees in neighboring countries and others are still scattered in nature.
  • Schools (over 10) and sanitary (over 15) facilities have been completely damaged or destroyed. In addition, out of about 300 schools, only about 20 are operational in Minembwe center and immediate surroundings.
  • More than 39.000 cows had been looted and/or killed.

*Note: The number of people killed, villages destroyed, and cows looted keeps adding everyday as the barbaric acts are not yet stopped. 

This situation has caused have devastating consequences on the population including:

  • Extreme poverty;
  • Jeopardy of a cultural heritage particularly for Banyamulenge whose tradition is based on cows;
  • Health hazard due to lack of medical facilities, livelihood and shelter to thousands of displaced people;
  • High risk of militarism of the region due to proliferation of small arms and vulnerability of young people, whose parents are no longer able to pay their education, who can easily enroll in armed groups.

Local Efforts

Like many other local institutions and NGOs, Eben-Ezer University of Minembwe along its partners have been working in emergencies to support within their limited means few hundred of displaced families that sought refuge to the campus. At one-point early September, we hosted about 600 people in classrooms and conference hall. We were able to feed them for 3 days with maize flour and beans from the joint food storage project with LaOlam. We had got some support from our partners abroad which were used to help the crisis in May-July 2019 which helped us to work within our limits. Our agricultural projects had been hampered by insecurity along with local people’s activities, which signals a serious famine next year. However, some of the farms nearby are doing well and we expect good harvest even if this will be a drop in the ocean. The presence of humanitarian agencies is very limited as well as their actions in Minembwe.

One lady gave birth at our school with limited support where they sought refuge. She is fine with her baby. Her 2-year-old child woke up in the morning and asked her mother “mama I need milk”, we did not have milk as cows were all looted. We made black tea and gave her. She stunned at us and ran to her grand-mother and said “kaka wee bampaye amaganga! Grandma, they gave me cow urine!” Poor girl had never seen or been served with black tea. How can we ask for fish and be given a snake! The account of Jesus compels us to think how we can stand for Jesus. LaOlam Ministry has tirelessly been involved in working closely with orphans at AVOC house near the campus sheltering children from different tribes. Thanks for all those that have been supporting in one way or the other. Each family in Minembwe center is currently hosting at least 2 and 3 displaced families. There are no camps to shelter thousands of displaced people that are concentrated in Minembwe center. Humanitarian assistance has been slow to arrive to due bureaucratic procedures but also because of limited access to Minembwe. The road is not always practical particularly during the dry season.  

Schools are operating in very difficult circumstances less than 20 schools in Minembwe center and its environs have opened their doors to thousands of children whose parents are not able anymore to pay for their education. The cow, the source of their traditional economy is destroyed. The leadership of schools in Minembwe has resolved to let children attend classes as a way of de-traumatization, counselling and rebuilding hope of these young ones. It is also a way of protecting them from enrolling into armed groups. At Eben-Ezer University primary and secondary schools (CODAP-UEMI), about 340 children come regularly. Many of them with fatigue that can be read on their faces, not only because they make a distant walk to the school but also, many do not have enough to eat. The school had a school lunch program entirely supported by parents, but with the current crisis, we are unable to continue the feeding program.  

Hundreds of displaced people gather at the university hall for Sunday prayers. The university has offered its conference hall to joint church service of different denominations that fled from Itombwe region. This is a time for rebuilding their faith and connecting with each other.

Lobby and Diplomacy

Local elders met the President of DRC, Mr. Felix Tshisekedi, during his visit to Bukavu last week on 10/10/2019. In the audience, he was accompanied by his Ministers of Interior, Defense and Decentralization and the governor of South Kivu Province. We took the opportunity to explain to him consequences of armed group conflict in our area and the risks they can have on the rest of the region. He promised to work with his government for appropriate measures. We (local civil society and village elders from Minembwe) have also continued to engage various stakeholders (including armed groups) on local level, neighboring countries and civil society at national and regional levels, embassies and MONUSCO for them to understand the nature of these conflicts and bring about a lasting solution for the interest of all. At the same time, we want to continue with our local programs of peace and reconciliation (theology of work) approach mainly persuading armed groups, local communities to join peace and development programs.

Call to help

  • Eben-Ezer University and its partners are making an appeal to whoever is able to support the end of this crisis is highly appreciated.
  • Humanitarian assistance is much needed to support thousands of people in need (cloths, food, shelter and medical attention).
  • Help us pray and work for peace of Minembwe and the region.
  • Join us in any way you can and support local communities affected by wars.

Lazare R. Sebitereko

Eben-Ezer University of Minembwe

+243 812 400 999

www.ueemi.org

INTRODUCTION

Du 6 au 10 mai 2019, une équipe de l’Université Eben-Ezer de Minembwe (UEMI) a effectué une enquête sur le sujet : les jeunes artisans de la paix.  L’enquête été mené à travers l’échange avec 120 jeunes de deux localités de Minembwe : Kiziba et Ilundu.

L’université Eben-Ezer de Minembwe (UEMI) est basée à Kiziba, une localité du centre de Minembwe. L’UEMI a pour mission d’améliorer le système éducatif dans le milieu rural et la recherche de la paix dans les hauts plateaux de Minembwe.

Au cours de cette enquête  qui a duré 5 jours, elle a révélé les potentielles capacités des jeunes que nous présentons dans ce rapport.  

CONTEXTE

Depuis plus de deux décennies le Sud-Kivu en général, et la région des plateaux de Minembwe en particulier, a été un terrain viable des différents cycles des conflits dont la région a vécu les conséquences et impact. Parmi les conséquences on peut citer les vies humaines perdues et/ou rendues amorphes, des déplacés internes, des biens détruits, l’accès difficile à l’éducation et la démoralisation des jeunes dont certains ont inconsciemment rejoignit les groupes soit en tant qu’acteurs majeurs aussi bien des enfants soldats.  

Vu le nombre important des jeunes, leur implication dans les conflits récurrents en tant qu’acteurs et victimes principales en même temps alors que leur rôle dans ces conflits s’est révélé dynamique ; 

Considérant la force et le rôle que jouent les jeunes dans les conflits qui sévissent dans cette zone de Minembwe ;

L’UEMI étant convaincue de l’activité des jeunes dans ces conflits, veut transformer cette perception négative en une force positive dans la recherche et la réussite d’une paix durable dans la région. 

A cet effet, l’UEMI a initié un programme des jeunes et consolidation de la paix dans la région de Minembwe à travers les « Clubs des jeunes artisans de la paix » impliquant les écoles et autres institutions intéressées par la consolidation de la paix.

Une enquête menée afin d’évaluer les potentielles capacités jeunes dans la consolidation de la paix,  futurs acteurs dans la zone rurale de Minembwe, aussi bien la consolidation des clubs des jeunes artisans de la paix existant dans la région.

L’enquête a impliqué 120 jeunes et 6 leaders adultes en charge de l’orientation de ces jeunes dans leurs activités de recherche de la paix.

ACTIVITES REALISEES

Identification des participants

 L’enquête a été effectuée sur 120 jeunes provenant des deux écoles et localités différentes, de deux niveaux primaire et secondaire. Deux écoles ont participé : école primaire et secondaire Eben-Ezer (CODAP) a Kiziba et l’école primaire et secondaire d’Ilundu à Ilundu.

Dans chaque localité ou école ont été sélectionnés 60 jeunes filles et garçons provenant de plusieurs groupes ethniques afin de rassurer l’inclusivité et espérer une action plus durable et homogène.

Ces jeunes seront sélectionnés sur base de ces trois critères âge, sexe et appartenance ethnique. A la fin de l’enquête un leadership jeune pour les clubs de paix dans toutes les localités a été instauré, un jeune garçon et une fille par club. En plus de ce leadership jeune il a été désigné deux adultes par club pour appuyer,  encadrer, guider et orienter ces jeunes dans leurs clubs respectifs.

voici comment la hiérarchie du club est construite:

  • Eric HAKIZUWAREMYE : Superviseur de toutes les associations;
  • Felix NDOSIMANA : Adulte encadreur des club artisans de la paix de CODAP;
  • Prosper SEMATUNGO :  Adulte encadreur des club artisans de la paix d’Ilundu;
  • Denise NAMUNEZERO : Fille - élève leader du club d’Ilundu primaire;
  • Toma NDAMIYE : Garçon - élève leader du club d’Ilundu primaire;
  • Francine NDORIMANA : Fille - élève leader du club d’Ilundu secondaire;
  • BonheurNGIRAWONSANGA : Garçon - élève leader du club d’Ilundu secondaire;
  • Aline NABARUTA : Fille - élève leader du club de CODAP primaire;
  • Bienvenu NDAYISHIMIYE : Garçon - élève leader du club de CODAP primaire;
  • Sandrine MWAMIKAZI : Fille - élève leader du club de CODAP secondaire;
  • Karosi NZABINESHA :Garçon - élève leader du club de CODAP secondaire;

 Instructions sur l’enquête

 Avant le démarrage de l’enquête les participants et encadreurs adultes ont été informés sur l’objectif à long terme de l’enquête, l’impact des clubs et potentiellement le futur pacifique à travers ces jeunes/clubs dans la région de Minembwe. 

A part les instructions de l’enquête, l’équipe de suivi a conduit des échanges de nature à motiver les jeunes et leurs encadreurs. Des questions sur les connaissances des jeunes sur la consolidation de la paix dont les éléments constitutifs sont le respect des droits humains et leur environnement. 

 L’enquête  proprement dite

L’enquête constituait la réponse aux questions reprises sur un formulaire par les jeunes. Chaque fois introduite par des échanges entre les jeunes et les enquêteurs cela a produit un climat aisé et a permis aux jeunes à remplir le formulaire  d’enquête sans détresse. L’enquête concernait principalement quatre points l’attitude, les compétences, le comportement et enfin les recommandations tous visant l’évaluation des capacités des jeunes de Minembwe sur la consolidation de la paix et leur impression générale exprimée sous forme des recommandations. 

Instructions sur l’enquête

Avant le démarrage de l’enquête les participants et encadreurs adultes ont été informés sur l’objectif à long terme de l’enquête, l’impact des clubs et potentiellement le futur pacifique à travers ces jeunes/clubs dans la région de Minembwe. 

A part les instructions de l’enquête, l’équipe de suivi a conduit des échanges de nature à motiver les jeunes et leurs encadreurs. Des questions sur les connaissances des jeunes sur la consolidation de la paix dont les éléments constitutifs sont le respect des droits humains et leur environnement. 

L’enquête  proprement dite 

L’enquête constituait la réponse aux questions reprises sur un formulaire par les jeunes. Chaque fois introduite par des échanges entre les jeunes et les enquêteurs cela a produit un climat aisé et a permis aux jeunes à remplir le formulaire  d’enquête sans détresse. L’enquête concernait principalement quatre points l’attitude, les compétences, le comportement et enfin les recommandations tous visant l’évaluation des capacités des jeunes de Minembwe sur la consolidation de la paix et leur impression générale exprimée sous forme des recommandations. 

Voici le résultat de l'enquête en résumé:

 Les tranches d'âge de personnes interrogées

 

Figure : 1

Comme le montre la figure 1, l'âge varie entre moins de 10 ans vers 40 ans et plus. 58,4% sont des enfants ayant la tranche d'âge de 10-15 ans, 36% ont l'âge allant de 15-20 ans et 3,2 % ont moins de 10 ans. Ce qui montre que les personnes enquêtées sont plus jeunes.

 Le sexe

   

Figure : 2

Les hommes sont 54,4% et l
es femmes sont 45,6%.

Le nombre de personnes enquêtées par écoles

   

Figure : 3

Les personnes enquêtées sont réparties selon les écoles comme suit: 26,4% sont de CODAP/Primaire, 24% sont de CODAP/Secondaire, 24% sont de Primaire Ilundu et 24,8% sont de Secondaire Ilundu 

La durée de l'existence de club de paix

   

Figure : 4

La plupart des clubs de paix ont une expérience de moins de  2 mois, ils sont encore jeunes. D’où l’UEMI et les autorités de la région doivent fournir beaucoup d’effort pour que ces clubs ancrent les racines.

CONSTAT GENERAL

Les jeunes rencontrés participants et non participants ont manifesté l’intérêt de participer dans les activités de consolidation de paix et résolution des conflits dans la région. L’échange réalisé avec la population locale en général et les autorités municipales de la région sur le sujet de l’enquête, consolidation de la paix, a révélé un vif intérêt  dans la recherche de la paix et la résolution pacifique des conflits qui sévissent dans la région depuis plus de dix ans. Les écoles voire les jeunes de la région en général ont exprimé leur intérêt et ont sollicité la participation dans les activités à venir des jeunes et paix et l’intégration dans les clubs de paix.

Bref les jeunes et les adultes de la région, contrairement à la perception externe,  leur intérêt dans la recherche de la paix est observable et exige une intervention.  

  

Figure : 5

Plus de 50% sont conscient des besoins de leur communauté vis à vis de la paix, et plus de 70% sont prêtes à partager des activités de consolidation de paix  ou des activités prosociales avec d’autres à une échelle allant 0 à 5, comme le montre la figure 6.

  

Figure : 6

Par conséquent nous avons constaté que les jeunes ne savent pas beaucoup sur la contribution de l’environnement à la consolidation de la paix, comme le montre la figure 7 et 8 .

  

Figure 7

  

Figure 8

Pour visualiser les résultats de toute l'enquête, recommandation et autres, cliquez ce lien. 

 RECOMMANDATIONS

A la fin de notre travail d’enquête, après avoir constaté le besoin général de la paix, après avoir été témoins des conflits armés et violents nous voudrions recommander ce qui suit:

  • Que les organisations basées dans la zone en général et UEMI en particulier de multiplier les actions des jeunes dans la recherche de la paix ;
  • De penser à renforcer les capacités des jeunes de la région et faire le suivi régulier de leurs activités sur la consolidation de la paix ;
  • D'intégrer la notion de l’environnement dans les activités de club, l’environnement dans le milieu rural peut être une source de conflit.
  • D’impliquer davantage les adultes dans l’action de recherche, résolution des conflits ;
  • De demander aux autorités et bailleurs de soutenir l’action entreprise par UEMI afin de garantir la durabilité du programme des jeunes pour la consolidation de « Club des jeunes artisans de la Paix ».

 CONCLUSION

En conclusion l’enquête effectuée avec succès  a permis de percevoir l’intérêt de la population en général et des jeunes en particulier la recherche de la paix et la résolution des conflits dans la  zone de Minembwe et les environs. Ce rapport non exhaustif de l’enquête vise à inspirer les actions de consolidation de la paix que l’UEMI mène dans la région ainsi que d’autres acteurs intéressés par la paix dans la région.

Fait à Minembwe le 13 mai 2019

Les enquêteurs

Claudel R. NKUNDA

Museveni MUTABAZI



 

Introduction

Minembwe Rural Commune, is situated in Fizi Territory, South Kivu Province, and it is situated about 370km from south west of Bukavu town. It is inhabited by various tribes including Babembe, Bafuliru, Banyamulenge, Banyindu and others. The main activities are agriculture, livestock and artisanal mining. The population of Minembwe and surrounding area, including the highlands of Mwenga and Uvira, are about 200,000 people. However, this number might be less due to constant displacement of people fleeing armed conflicts in the area. There are about 200 primary and secondary schools, 3 high education institutions, 2 hospitals, and over 50 health centers, 1 community radio and  telecommunication networks. The region has limited access by roads, access is only possible during the dry season (Minembwe center and Itombwe). Bijombo area has no road access. There is an airstrip in Minembwe, which is the only viable, but expensive means of transportation. Most people walk for about 30km to reach the road in Lusuku, which is the link to Bukavu via Fizi and Uvira.

Conflict and its consequences

Currently, over 20,000 people are displaced with no shelter nor food. Half of those are concentrated in Minembwe center. People have lost lives. Their villages have been burnt to ashes along with their food stores, which were run from their houses; livestock has been destroyed, and others have been looted. Note: There is no complete evaluation of casualties as it is still unsafe to reach some areas.

This time of year is the beginning of agricultural harvest for maize and beans, which are the main staple food to all local communities. Any crops that are not destroyed by fire, were left in fields, which will be destroyed without care. Remaining villages around Minembwe center, schools and churches are hosting fleeing families with tired old people, children and women. The concentrations of displaced people are in 3 main locations: In Minembwe center and surrounding villages; Kigazura, Mikenge and Kasilo in Itombwe, and Kalumio in Kamombo. In all these locations, people hosted and welcomed displaced families from all different tribes. They are all seeking refuge together and are being helped by local communities indiscriminately.

This is happening months after another conflict that broke out in Bijombo location sending more than 6,000 people seeking refuge in other safe locations. Many reached Minembwe in August-October 2018. The Center for Research and Community Development at UEMI and LaOlam Ministry organized emergency programs to help only 350 families through agricultural activities and training in theology of work and peace. Some of the villages that had hosted displaced families from Bijombo were this time also attacked and/or burnt down. These include: Kalingi, Bidegu, Kamombo, Rwitsankuku, Kitasha, among others. Many families are being displaced and losing everything twice in less than 8 months. Many hundreds of pupils and students were taken in schools to allow them to study with no charge in October 2018. Eben-Ezer University and its primary ans secondary schools have more than 100 students from those displaced families, frm different tribes of last year. Today, those in schools are 2 months away from completing their school year, and their families have again been displaced. Resilience of local population is worning out!

Due to the limited access to Minembwe and surrounding area, there are no humanitarian organizations intervening. Local communities, churches, and local NGOs have taken the responsibility of sharing everything they have for the last 10 months, basically ever since August 2018 to the present. The influx of displaced families has contributed to food scarcity in Minembwe, where 25kg of smooth maize flour now costs moved from $16 to $25, whereas the price for 1kg of beans went up from $ 0.43$ to $ 1.30 in less than 5 months. Food shortage in this period has become a pressing issue. Even if the armed conflict is stopped, the war on hunger must be conquered as well. Also health issues must be addressed. Minembwe has a hospital and clinics, but with very limited equipment and medicines to cater for thousands of people concentrated in the Minembwe area. Given the poor living conditions of the displaced people, there is now the danger of dysentery. Eben-Ezer University is about to complete its water project in Minembwe, which would help people to get clean water in Kiziba villages and the central market. 

 The cause of conflict 

Different actors give different reasons for the outbreak of the current conflicts:

  1. A common explanation focuses on tribal issues. For many years, conflicts in the Great Lakes Region have been thought of as tribal or ethnic. This explanation provides an easy way for those who aim to exploit and polarize the situation politically. Local populations from different tribes have lived together for centuries and do have shared survival interests. Even if there have been domestic conflicts, traditionally there have always been ways to solve them. Unfortunately, the region has had so many uncontrolled local and regional extremists, bandits, armed groups and rebels who do not necessarily represent the interests of their ethnic or tribal groups. Whoever commits crime does so on the back of their communities. Today, affected families from all tribes are seeking shelter together and helping each other regardless of their tribal affiliation. Innocent people are victims of politics. Tribes of Bantu origin accuse Banyamulenge of being foreigners, having no rights to land and administrative entity, regardless of having been in the region, which is now the current Congo for centuries. Extremists contest the erection of Minembwe to Rural Commune, even when it is inhabited by all tribes. On the other hand, Banyamulenge tribe accuses their neighboring tribes of hatred and envy against their prosperity. The coalition of armed groups from different tribes against one tribe is a dangerous sign of division and discrimination based on tribal/ethnic differences. However, they all belong to the same country. Their tribal and cultural diversities are power and wealth for their own respective development. 
  2. Another explanation focuses on exploitation of incidents and a prolonged state of injustice. Eastern Congo has been a theatre of many atrocities committed by armed groups (killings of innocent people and many other human rights violations). In rural locations, it becomes even worse, as there, voices of the weak die in silence. The context of hopelessness, despair and revolt of many are expressed, unfortunately, through violent actions, which end up hurting everyone’s neighbor.  Lack of state authority, in these rural places, is a serious challenge. Whenever there are incidents involving people from different tribes, they are exploited beyond the individual to community levels.
  3. Another issue that needs to be addressed has to do with poverty and the lack of community development programs. Young people from different tribes who turned into gangs, criminals and militia are equally born free and hopeful to build their lives and their country. Lack of socio-economic and political cadres to help them grow as good citizens, make them enemies of themselves and of their own communities. These challenges are put on the doorsteps of government and the international community, who miss opportunities to initiate sustainable programs to curb unemployment among youths, provide formal and vocational training, as well as possibilities for educational advancement and programs in entrepreneurship. Lack of road is a major handicap to rural peace and development. When youths have nothing to do, they are recruited into armed groups not as a coice but only as a means of survival. But as a result they lose their future.
  4.  Furthermore, the current conflict is triggered by the killing of a local chief by an armed group whose members are from the Banyamulenge tribe, who had accused the local chief of killing their member. Similar incidents have provoked other similar tribal fighting in the past, where militia from other tribes killed members of the Banyamulenge community. Due to the lack of government authority in these rural areas to maintain order and administer justice the whole region is affected. Today, hundreds of villages are burned down, people have lost their lives, livestock and other goods have been destroyed or looted, and more than 20,000 people are now displaced with no shelter or food.

 Current Situation in June 2019 

According to reports by humanitarian organizations and local authorities, about 57 000 people were displaced in the whole region of high plateaus of Minembwe by May 2019. Early June, after intervention of the regular army, many went back to their destroyed villages.  About 18000 are still in refuge waiting for calm to be restored in their areas.  I was able to visit some of the affected villages near Minembwe and I saw many disturbing scenes but also some stories of hope. Families that went back to their villages because: 

  • Access to food. Affected families needed food badly. As it was harvesting time, many food were burned in houses. But they ones that were still in fields needed to be protected and harvested as well. Lack of humanitarian system to intervene, people force their way to unsafe places sometimes by escort to get food in their fields. “My village is Biziba. It was burned down, and we all fled and sought refuge at Kabingo. We lost everything and we are sheltered by relatives who shared the little they had with us. Now, twice a week, men do escort us in the field to get food (dried maize) and beans. It is still unsafe for us to go back and start rebuilding” recalls Madam Nangorore.
  • In Minembwe center few local ONGs and sons and daughters of Minembwe in Diaspora distributed food to affected families. Although, the quantity is not enough, but the action is highly appreciated.
  • Protection of remaining properties. Not all houses were burned, not all cows and goats were looted. Villagers were making risky movement of return to their villages to protect what remained after fighting. “I lost my parents’ houses and 10 of my goats were looted. But food in the fields, cows and my own houses which were not destroyed needed my attention. I decided to comeback” said Pastor Osee in Kivumu village. In his house, he sheltered his parents and another family from different tribe, whose houses were also destroyed. “People are sharing everything they have: clothes, food and household utensils, but these are not enough for all of us”.
  • A displaced family from Rwitsankuku sought refuge at Lunundu. The head of the family Semabanga, an old man, was among 7 civilians killed by militia. “After a week, we went back to our village to bury our dead. It was devastating, the body of my brother was wrapped in a small sheeting in decomposition!  With the help of neighbors, we put his body with respect in the ground. Our houses were all destroyed, the health center systematically looted and vandalized. It is difficult to imagine how we shall rebuild our lives!” A survival of the family pondered.
  •  Presence of government soldiers and MONUSCO. Although, soldiers cannot be in every village, areas that have military posts are attracting people to go back. Moreover, the presence of MONUSCO in Minembwe and in Mikenge also contribute to maintain peace. “Now, I have decided to comeback with my family, and most of our neighbors are also back in their houses because soldiers are here and provide security that we need to stay” said Rutaramirwa in the village of Rutigita. I am back with my family; we have no place to stay. All our houses were burned, but my son’s house was spared and that is where we all live” said a mother from Bafuliru tribe. People are taking courage to go back due to military presence. But soldiers are not in every place. Consequently, militia attacks are recurring.
  •   Building peace and security. As my colleague Eric and I were leaving one of the affected villages of Rudabagiza, a young girl of 2 years old, with her siblings who accompanied us outside the village, and she asked us “do you know where is Mahuno?” I quickly responded, “who is Mahuno?” Her older sister said, “Mahuno is a neighbor’s child, but they fled the conflict and had not yet returned”.  The young girl is from Banyamulenge tribe and Mahuno is from Bafuliru tribe. But for this young little girl, tribes mean little to her, conflict that separates people is a confusion to her! Friendship, peaceful cohabitation is what matters! Beyond tribal lines, thousands of people from different tribes, want and are working tirelessly for peace, stability and development, whereas, fewer who do not represent people, exploit, intoxicate and kill in the names of tribes.
  • Students and staff from Eben-Ezer University and primary and secondary schools are working for peace programs. In student peace clubs, members are organizing themselves and pay visits to affected villages with a simple message: Peaceful cohabitation is our ultimate goal. Local church leaders from different religious groups are preparing for a meeting on 26 June 2019 at Eben-Ezer Conference Hall to discuss about peace of the region and offer a prayer for those affected by conflicts. Eben-Ezer University officially inaugurated its clean water project, which is being used at the market place, villages around and at university.
  • Over 100 local chiefs from different tribes, police and the army representatives from Minembwe and its environs, met for 2 days (10-12 June 2019) in Lulenge to discuss about peace and reconciliation process. They all agreed to work for unity of people living in Minembwe regardless of their tribal differences and to denounce any wrongdoers (members armed groups) who disrupt harmony. They called on government to end the culture of impunity and instore its authority. Moreover, some humanitarian agencies are arriving in Minembwe to assess the needs. 

 Recommendation  

To the government and its partners in peacebuilding to intervene in areas of: 

  • Food, clothing, medicine, households’ equipment is urgently needed to help thousands of displaced people, particularly women and children. 
  • Deployment of government soldiers, alongside MONUSCO, in different locations to restore security and allow people and their goods to regain their villages.
  • Reconstruction of houses, villages and health centers is urgent for people returning to their destroyed villages. What is most needed is roofing.
  • Education for sustainable peace and development; and support for local peace initiatives.
  • Investment in durable infrastructures for rural development, namely road and electricity to allow young people access to other alternatives of survival; to enable them to establish sustainable socio-economic conditions for themselves and their communities; help them exchange gun with another valuable and non-harmful tool.

Report in Photos

  • Returned families in a destroyed village. Cooking and schooling being done in the open in Rudabagiza

  • Hosted family from Rwitsankuku to Lunundu and returned families in Rutigita and Ruhemba

   

  • Meeting of hope and reconciliation at Ilundu, together with UEMI students

   

  • UEMI projects in clean water in Minembwe

  

Minembwe Rural Commune, is situated in Fizi Territory, South Kivu Province, and it is situated about 370km from south west of Bukavu town. It is inhabited by various tribes including Babembe, Bafuliru, Banyamulenge, Banyindu and others. The main activities are agriculture, livestock and artisanal mining. 

The population of Minembwe and surrounding area, including the highlands of Mwenga and Uvira, are about 200,000 people. However, this number might be less due to constant displacement of people fleeing armed conflicts in the area. There are about 200 primary and secondary schools, 3 high education institutions, 2 hospitals, and over 50 health centers, 1 community radio and  telecommunication networks. The region has limited access by roads, access is only possible during the dry season (Minembwe center and Itombwe). Bijombo area has no road access. There is an airstrip in Minembwe, which is the only viable, but expensive means of transportation. Most people walk for about 30km to reach the road in Lusuku, which is the link to Bukavu via Fizi and Uvira.

Conflict and its consequences

Currently, over 20,000 people are displaced with no shelter nor food. Half of those are concentrated in Minembwe center. People have lost lives. Their villages have been burnt to ashes along with their food stores, which were run from their houses; livestock has been destroyed, and others have been looted. Note: There is no complete evaluation of casualties as it is still unsafe to reach some areas.

This time of year is the beginning of agricultural harvest for maize and beans, which are the main staple food to all local communities. Any crops that are not destroyed by fire, were left in fields, which will be destroyed without care. Remaining villages around Minembwe center, schools and churches are hosting fleeing families with tired old people, children and women. The concentrations of displaced people are in 3 main locations: In Minembwe center and surrounding villages; Kigazura, Mikenge and Kasilo in Itombwe, and Kalumio in Kamombo. In all these locations, people hosted and welcomed displaced families from all different tribes. They are all seeking refuge together and are being helped by local communities indiscriminately.

This is happening months after another conflict that broke out in Bijombo location sending more than 6,000 people seeking refuge in other safe locations. Many reached Minembwe in August-October 2018. The Center for Research and Community Development at UEMI and LaOlam Ministry organized emergency programs to help only 350 families through agricultural activities and training in theology of work and peace. Some of the villages that had hosted displaced families from Bijombo were this time also attacked and/or burnt down. These include: Kalingi, Bidegu, Kamombo, Rwitsankuku, Kitasha, among others. Many families are being displaced and losing everything twice in less than 8 months. Many hundreds of pupils and students were taken in schools to allow them to study with no charge in October 2018. Eben-Ezer University and its primary ans secondary schools have more than 100 students from those displaced families, frm different tribes of last year. Today, those in schools are 2 months away from completing their school year, and their families have again been displaced. Resilience of local population is worning out!

Due to the limited access to Minembwe and surrounding area, there are no humanitarian organizations intervening. Local communities, churches, and local NGOs have taken the responsibility of sharing everything they have for the last 10 months, basically ever since August 2018 to the present. The influx of displaced families has contributed to food scarcity in Minembwe, where 25kg of smooth maize flour now costs moved from $16 to $25, whereas the price for 1kg of beans went up from $ 0.43$ to $ 1.30 in less than 5 months. Food shortage in this period has become a pressing issue. Even if the armed conflict is stopped, the war on hunger must be conquered as well. Also health issues must be addressed. Minembwe has a hospital and clinics, but with very limited equipment and medicines to cater for thousands of people concentrated in the Minembwe area. Given the poor living conditions of the displaced people, there is now the danger of dysentery. Eben-Ezer University is about to complete its water project in Minembwe, which would help people to get clean water in Kiziba villages and the central market. 

The cause of conflict

 Different actors give differtn reasons for the outbreak of the current conflicts:

  1.  A common explanation focuses on tribal issues. For many years, conflicts in the Great Lakes Region have been thought of as tribal or ethnic. This explanation provides an easy way for those who aim to exploit and polarize the situation politically. Local populations from different tribes have lived together for centuries and do have shared survival interests. Even if there have been domestic conflicts, traditionally there have always been ways to solve them. Unfortunately, the region has had so many uncontrolled local and regional extremists, bandits, armed groups and rebels who do not necessarly represent the interests of their ethnic or tribal groups. Whoever commits crime does so on the back of their communities. Today, affected families from all tribes are seeking shelter together and helping each other regardless of their tribal affiliation. Innocent people are victims of politics. Tribes of Bantu origin accuse Banyamulenge of being foreigners, having no rights to land and administrative entity, regardless of having been in the region, which is now the current Congo for centuries. Extremists contest the erection of Minembwe to Rural Commune, even when it is inhabitated by all tribes. On the other hand, Banyamulenge tribe accuses their neighboring tribes of hatred and envy against their prosperity. The coalition of armed groups from different tribes against one tribe is a dangerous sign of division and discrimination based on tribal/ethnic differences. However, they all belong to the same country. Their tribal and cultural diversities are power and wealth for their own respective development.
  2. Another explanation focuses on exploitation of incidents and a prolonged state of injustice. Eastern Congo has been a theatre of many atrocities committed by armed groups (killings of innocent people and many other human rights violations). In rural locations, it becomes even worse, as there, voices of the weak die in silence. The context of hopelessness, despair and revolt of many are expressed, unfortunately, through violent actions, which end up hurting everyone’s neighbor.  Lack of state authority, in these rural places, is a serious challenge. Whenever there are incidents involving people from different tribes, they are exploited beyond the individual to community levels. 
  3. Another issue that needs to be addressed has to do with poverty and the lack of community development programs. Young people from different tribes who turned into gangs, criminals and militia are equally born free and hopeful to build their lives and their country. Lack of socio-economic and political cadres to help them grow as good citizens, make them enemies of themselves and of their own communities. These challenges are put on the doorsteps of government and the international community, who miss opportunities to initiate sustainable programs to curb unemployment among youths, provide formal and vocational training, as well as possibilities for educational advancement and programs in entrepreneurship. Lack of road is a major handicap to rural peace and development. When youths have nothing to do, they are recruited into armed groups not as a coice but only as a means of survival. But as a result they lose their future.
  4. Furthermore, the current conflict is triggered by the killing of a local chief by an armed group whose members are from the Banyamulenge tribe, who had accused the local chief of killing their member. Similar incidents have provoked other similar tribal fighting in the past, where militia from other tribes killed members of the Banyamulenge community. Due to the lack of government authority in these rural areas to maintain order and administer justice the whole region is affected. Today, hundreds of villages are burned down, people have lost their lives, livestock and other goods have been destroyed or looted, and more than 20,000 people are now displaced with no shelter or food. 

Urgent request 

Although the fighting has stopped due to the intervention of the government and the national army with support of MONUSCO, there are urgent calls to help the victims of the conflict. Every support is highly appreciated:

  1. Food and clothing are urgently needed to help thousands of displaced people, particularly women and children.
  2. Temporary and permanent shelter in areas of refuge for those that are able to regain their villages to rebuild their lives again.
  3. Education for sustainable peace and development.
  4. Government and its partners to invest in durable infrastructures for rural development, namely road and electricity to allow young people access to other alternatives to enable them to establish sustainable socio-economic conditions for themselves and their communities.
  5. Support for peace initiatives to rebuild hope and mutual trust among tribes.    

Fleeing families and smoke of burning villages.    
For UEMI, www.ueemi.org
Tel +243 812400999 

Situation in Photos.  

Refugees seeking shelter at 2 different schools (UGEAFI and Eben-Ezer University of Minembwe) and other places.

   

 

 

 

La journée du 8/11/2018 un partenariat a été signé entre la CNR (Commission Nationale pour les Réfugiés) et l’UEMI (Université Eben-Ezer de Minembwe) à Uvira, dans le cadre d’enseignement supérieur pour les jeunes réfugiés se trouvant hors ou dans les camps des réfugiés dans la province du Sud-Kivu qui veulent poursuivre les études universitaires à Minembwe.

L’UEMI a fournis une bourse de 1.000 $ (Milles dollars américains) par an par étudiant, qui couvrira les frais académiques, les logements, la nourriture et les soins médicaux à l’Hôpital de Référence de Minembwe avant que la clinique universitaire soin en étant opérationnel.

L’UEMi bénéficiera de la CNR un cadre de collaboration et de complémentarité dans les différents domaines dont : la sécurité des étudiants refugiés sur le lieu quand c’est nécessaire, l’octroi de cartes pour refugiés leur permettant de séjourner et de travailler si nécessaire dans le pays,…

Les critères de sélection des futurs étudiants bousiers ont été les suivants :

  • Avoir un diplôme d’état ou son équivalent (original ou copie certifiée conforme à l’original) ;
  • Avoir un statut de réfugié muni d’une carte d’identification ;
  • Avoir une autorisation de la CNR permettant de vivre en dehors du camp de réfugiés ou de la résidence habituelle.

Au cours de ce partenariat l’université Eben-Ezer de Minembwe a été représentée par Dieudonné MUSHISHI, le Vice-recteur UEMI/Minembwe et  La Commission Nationale pour le Réfugiés par J’aurai MUPEPE NGALONGO, Chef d’antenne ai CNR/Uvira.

Le Recteur de l’Université donne une formation sur la Théologie du Travail toute une semaine du 8 au 13 Octobre 2018 à deux universités de la Géorgie à Tbilisi, International Black Sea University et University of Georgia. Cette formation est dispense en collaboration avec Bakke Graduate University des USA.

Since inter-tribal conflicts that destroyed so many villages in Bijombo, Eben-Ezer University has joined local initiatives in search of peace. Its leadership has been involved in organizing meetings and visits to different localities. In July 20-22, 2018, it worked with local churches of Mutarule1 and 2 for a 3-day church meeting whereby, community and church leaders, youth and adults all accepted to work together for their own peaceful cohabitation. About 940 people attended. This work continues and plans to expand to other localities in the Plain of Ruzizi and beyond.

On July 27-30/2018, Eben-Ezer jointly worked with the association of widows and orphans (AVOC) in Minembwe a conference for peace, whereby support for orphans ‘education is raised and humanitarian aid (clothes and food) were collected in support of displaced people of Bijombo. All evening meetings were held at the conference hall of Eben-Ezer University and during the day, meetings were held outside due to big number of people attended over 2000.

Annual conference of Eben-Ezer family on peace and spiritual edification was organized at Kiziba Methodist church whereby different local churches participated from 14 to 16 September 2018. It was also 21st commemoration of the tragic plane crash in Minembwe which killed all passengers who were coming to attend peace conference in Minembwe. 

On 18 September, the leaders and staff of Eben-Ezer University joined other local leaders and population of Minembwe to welcome the Governor of South-Kivu and his delegation including the Speaker of Provincial Assembly, the Provincial Army Commander, the Provincial Police Commander, Provincial Ministers of Planning and Finance among other; and the Deputy Special Representative of Secretary General of UN (MONUSCO) and his delegation including a French diplomat based in Goma. Their visit had multiple purpose: inauguration of lights in the local market, to learn from local population about its resilience and efforts of peace and security in the area. During the meeting with civil society, many problems were presented including, multiplication of attacks from Maimai and other armed groups in the region, security and humanitarian situation of Bijombo; lack of road; local administration; transport facility of medical items and water equipment transportation; creation of jobs for youth and women’s rights.

From 18 to 19 September 2018, a meeting was organized at Eben-Ezer University by local administration of Minembwe, local chiefs and leaders of different ONGs. More than 100 delegates of men, women and youth represented Minembwe, Lulenge, Itombwe, Kamombo, Milimba locations. Two main points were discussed for 2 days: What should be the role of each community and leader to bring and maintain peace in their region and how can people of Bijombo be assisted? A joint declaration was signed and people of Minembwe resolved to work for their own peace, security and development in all ways possible. The decided not to wait for others to decide for them, but to come and support them.

The university welcome American families of 7 people who came to stay and support various educative activities at university and Complexe Scolaire d’Application (primary and secondary schools). University is organizing various trainings for local people including midwifery course which will be held at the university conference hall from October 5 to 11 in conjunction with General Hospital of Minembwe and local dispensaries. More than 50 participants are expected to attend. Trainers are from USA and Canada. MONUSCO has been very supportive in transpiration and security services. We also thank our government for its support in visas’ issuance for our guests.

The primary and secondary schools are opened from September 5 and registered more than 80 orphans, displaced children from different tribes with no means to pay their school fees. This is a challenge for the leadership of the school and a message requesting support is out for all those who can help in school fees and materials. We also come short of classrooms. Both primary and secondary schools use universities premises in the morning, but once the university opens, some of classes are taken in the morning which will be a real challenge for us. We urgently needed extra 4 classrooms in order to have all students in classes with no problem for this academic year 2018-2019.

Cooperatives in agriculture are being reinforced in legumes and honey projects. Members of different tribes from Kahwela to Rugezi are working together to produce honey and make it a commercial activity. University staff and the Centre of Research and Community Development are currently giving training and supplying seeds and materials for construction of hives. After training certificates are given to those who fully completed the course. Finally, the university is in the process of providing clean water in taps to villages of Kiziba, the market to the university campus. All these are part of peacebuilding and sustainable development programs that accompany formal education.

Eben-Ezer University would like to thank all its local and international partners who have tirelessly been behind every work that is being done.   

Dans cette réunion étaient présents le Chef de Poste d’Encadrement de Minembwe, de Milimba, de Kamombo, le chef de secteur d’Itombwe avec son chef de poste et les notables, les pasteurs et représentants de différentes communautés Babembe, Banyamulenge, Banyindu et Bafuliro et Banyindu. Etaient aussi présents les représentants des services de sécurité dont : l’Agence National de Renseignement (ANR), la Police Nationale (PNC) et la FARDC ; et les représentants des organisations et institutions locales dont l’UEMI, UGEAFI, ADED, EMI, SOUS-PROVED, CENI et la MONUSCO.

Après la réunion et discussions de 2 jours sur les questions pertinentes de la paix et la sécurité de 2 jours, Ils se sont convenus ceux qui suivent :

  • Chaque communauté présente s’engage à faire le dialogue avec ses jeunes porteurs d’armes (Maimai, Gumino et autres) ;
  • Chaque communauté s’engage à combatte toute forme de discrimination ;
  • Chaque communauté s’engage à contribuer pour la paix durable dans la région ;
  • Chaque communauté s’engage dans la recherche d’une solution aux conflits pour une paix durable de la région de Bijombo ;
  • Chaque communauté s’engage à protéger la communauté voisine pour l’intérêt de la paix et la sécurité de tous ;
  • Les chefs de postes s’engagent à multiplier des réunions conjointes pour la cherche de paix et de développement durable dans leurs entités respectives ;
  • Toutes les communautés présentes ont demandé au gouvernement et a la MONUSCO de les soutenir dans leurs initiatives de consolider la paix durable dans la région ;
  • Toutes les communautés présentes ont demandé à l’Etat, à la MONUSCO, aux ONGs et toutes personnes ayant cette volonté, de venir en aide aux déplacés de Bijombo.

Un calendrier des activités et descentes pour prêcher la paix dans les différentes entités et des rencontres avec les jeunes porteurs d’armes (Maimai, Gumino et autres) a été fixé du 25 septembre au 22 octobre 2018 pour les descentes sur terrain Kamombo, Lulenge, Itombwe, Karbara et Bijombo.

Fait à Kiziba, le 19 Septembre 2018

Ont signé l’Acte d’Engagement pour les participants à la réunion

  1. Chef de Poste de Minembwe : Monsieur Mukiza Gadi
  2. Chef de Poste de Kamombo: Monsieur Katete Kungakabe
  3. Chef de Poste de Milimba : Monsieur Makifiri N. Didas
  4. Chef de Poste d’Itombwe : Monsieur Rwesa Osée
  5. Recteur de l'Université Eben-Ezer : Dr Rukundwa S. Lazare
  6. Représentant de l’ONG UGEAFI : Rutambwe Siméon
  7. Modérateur : Chef Bikino Mitabu

Knowledge, Awareness, and Perception of Minembwe Reproductive Age Women

Knowledge, Awareness, and Perception of Minembwe Reproductive Age Women on the Use of Modern Contraceptive Method

Freddy Rukema Kaniki

Abstract:-The struggle to have a choice whenever women and girls want to control pregnancy has been a great challenge as far as human history. The majority of rural women in sub-Saharan Africa have little or inadequate information on modern birth control. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, awareness, and perception of Minembwe women of reproductive age on the use of modern contraceptive methods. This was a descriptive study that collected primary data through a structured questionnaire distributed to women who consented to participate in the study and data collected was analyzed using IBM-SPSS version 21.0. There were 370 participants of which the... Read More

Modern Birth Control Methods, a Discourse of a Sub-Saharan African Rural Community

Modern Birth Control Methods, a Discourse of a Sub-Saharan African Rural Community: The Case of Minembwe, Drc

Freddy Rukema Kaniki, Lazare Sebitereko Rukundwa

The decision for couples to freely choose the number of children and spacing pregnancies continue to be an issue in some settings, particularly in the African context where traditional culture, religious belief, social environment, and gender equity deeply continue to influence lifestyle and health behaviors. This matters as it reflects the extent to which women have the...  Read More